How Does A Vacuum Work?

How Does A Vacuum Work?
Articles on Vacuums

How does a vacuum work? Well, for starters, it’s helpful to get some context on where this machine came from and how they evolved. When they were first used, vacuum cleaners started off as a luxury appliance only used in the cleaning of top hotels.

It’s interesting to think how exclusive they were, isn’t it? Today, they have now become one of the most common appliances found in homes. Vacuum cleaners are also the most common electric cleaning appliances that are used in America.

Since these devices are so commonplace, it’s helpful to understand how they work. This can also help you if you need to fix anything. Below is just a brief overview to give you some insight.

How Does a Vacuum Work?

The thing about this cleaning appliance is that it has grown from just being a device to pick up debris, to a showcase material in homes. Some modern types are offered with the most eye-catching designs on the market.

Even though these vacuum cleaners have become a part of our daily lives, have you ever wondered how they actually do what they do? Let us briefly give you an explanation so you can understand how to answer the question,  “how does a vacuum work?”.

The Process

Although there are different types of vacuums available in the market, all of them use the same principle in order to work. After reading this explanation, you’ll have a much better idea.

Step One:

When you turn on the vacuum, the current starts flowing into its motor, which causes its fan to start running. The area behind the fan is low in air pressure. This allows the motor to create suction. This goes on to draw air from the port dedicated for the intake of air. This intake of air or suction is then used to pick up dust and debris from different surfaces. However, the answer to the question “how does a vacuum work?” does not end there.

Step Two:

The dust and debris is picked up by the hose that leads it to the dust-bag or canister. This is where all the impurities are trapped while the air is free to move ahead and out from the exhaust port. The air that exits is clean and free from all of the impurities. In fact, the dust bags used in vacuums are not just simple bags. They are specifically designed to ensure that only air passes through them, leaving the entire amount of dust and debris inside the bag.

This is also where the HEPA filters come in.

Step Three:

The area from where the air exhausts is covered by a HEPA filter. This filter makes sure that the air being blown out is clean. If the HEPA filters are removed, it is possible that certain dust particles might escape into the room along with the air.

In short, the air that moves into the vacuum takes the dust and debris along, and exits, which leaves all of the dust and debris inside. This is an additional part of answering the question “how does a vacuum work?”.

Vacuum cleaners with HEPA filters are especially important for those who struggle with allergies and asthma. This is because you don’t want any of these particles to get into the air. In other words, these irritants could affect allergies, so it’s best to use a device that doesn’t release them back into the air while you’re cleaning.

How Does the Motor Suck Air?

This is quite a simple concept that is normally explained by a simple example—suction through a straw. As you suck your drink from a straw, you create vacuum inside the straw. Since it is a characteristic of matter that it fills in empty space, the drink tends to fill in the straw.

This is exactly what happens in the vacuum. The motor creates vacuum into the hose which causes the air outside to move in, taking the debris along. Essentially, there is a process of physics that allows matter to be relocated to another area, where it can be disposed of.

With the addition of certain accessories and tools, this vacuum power can also be focused on a certain area. This makes the suction effect more intense.

Some machines might have different features that allow this process to be more efficient, so it’s helpful to look into this before you buy anything.

Summary on How a Vacuum Cleaner Operates

The way vacuums work is truly mesmerizing. They are simple and elegant machines that have evolved and become a part of our daily lives. Today, they are even offered in a variety of beautiful shapes and designs.

In the above article, we’ve given a brief explanation that can answer the question “how does a vacuum work?”. While there are many different types available, the concept for each and every one of them is still the same.

Now that you know how a vacuum cleaner operates, check out some of the best reviewed vacuums now.

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