How Does A Vacuum Cleaner Work?

How Does A Vacuum Cleaner Work
Articles on Vacuums

Vacuum cleaners started off as a luxury appliance only used in the cleaning of top hotels.

They have now become one of the most common appliances found in homes. Vacuum cleaners are also the most common electric cleaning appliances that are used in America.

The thing about this cleaning appliance is that it has grown from just being a device to pick up debris, to a showcase material in homes. Some modern types are offered with the most eye-catching designs in the market.

Even though these vacuum cleaners have become a part of our daily lives, have you ever wondered how they actually do what they do? Let us briefly show you the way these vacuum cleaners tend to work.

The Process

Although there are different types of vacuums available in the market, all of them use the same principle in order to work.

Step One: When you turn on the vacuum, the current starts flowing into its motor causing its fan to start running. The area behind the fan is low in air pressure. This allows the motor to create suction. This goes on to draw air from the port dedicated for the intake of air. This intake of air or suction is then used to pick up dust and debris from different surfaces. However, the job of a vacuum cleaner does not end there.

Step Two: The dust and debris is picked up by the hose that leads it to the dust-bag or canister. This is where all the impurities are trapped while the air is free to move ahead and out from the exhaust port. The air that exits is clean and free from all of the impurities. The dust bags used in vacuums are not just simple bags. They are specifically designed to ensure that only air passes through them, leaving the entire dust and debris inside the bag. This is also where the HEPA filters come in.

Step Three: The area from where the air exhausts is covered by a HEPA filter. This filter makes sure that the air being blown out is clean. If the HEPA filters are removed, it is possible that certain dust particles might escape into the room along with the air.

In short, the air that moves into the vacuum takes the dust and debris along, and exits leaving them inside.

How Does the Motor Suck Air?

This is quite a simple concept that is normally explained by a simple example—suction through a straw. As you suck your drink from a straw, you create vacuum inside the straw. Since it is a characteristic of matter that it fills in empty space, the drink tends to fill in the straw.

This is exactly what happens in the vacuum. The motor creates vacuum into the hose which causes the air outside to move in, taking the debris along.

The way vacuums work is truly mesmerizing. They are simple and elegant machines that have evolved and become a part of our daily lives. Today, they are even offered in a variety of beautiful shapes and designs.

Now that you know how a vacuum cleaner works, check out some of the best reviewed vacuums now.

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